Obsessive Compulsive Disorder - OCD

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)Obsessive Compulsive Disorder , known as OCD, is a mental health disorder, in which individual have repeated unwanted thoughts, feelings or behaviour. It can be repeating the same action like washing over and over.


Obsessions are unwanted, unpleasant and repeated thoughts, images, doubts or ruminations in your mind. Individuals with obsessions experience shocking or blasphemous single words or short phrases. They may wonder for hours whether you might have caused an accident or misfortune to someone, endlessly argue with themselves or bothered, in a way that other people are not, if things are not in the exactly the right order, not balanced or not in the right place


Compulsions are mental acts or repetitive behaviour. Individuals with OCD experience obsessional thoughts like counting or saying a special word over and over again or avoidance by avoiding to touch particular objects, go to certain places or take risks or accepting responsibility. They may have rituals such as wash hands frequently or repeatedly ask others to tell you that everything is alright.

OCD may cause feelings of anxiety. Individuals can feel tense, anxious, fearful, guilty, disgusted or depressed. They feel better if they carry out your compulsive behaviour, or ritual.

Symptoms of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

  • Fear of contamination by germs or dirt or contaminating others
  • Fear of losing control and harming yourself or others
  • Intrusive sexually explicit or violent thoughts and images
  • Excessive focus on religious or moral ideas
  • Fear of losing or not having things you might need
  • Order and symmetry: the idea that everything must line up “just right”
  • Superstitions; excessive attention to something considered lucky or unlucky
  • Excessive double-checking of things, such as locks, appliances, and switches
  • Repeatedly checking in on loved ones to make sure they’re safe
  • Counting, tapping, repeating certain words, or doing other senseless things to reduce anxiety
  • Spending a lot of time washing or cleaning
  • Ordering or arranging things “just so”
  • Praying excessively or engaging in rituals triggered by religious fear
  • Accumulating “junk” such as old newspapers or empty food containers


Talking therapy

There are two types of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, known as CBT, that treat OCD. The first one is Exposure Response Prevention (ERP) is a way to stop compulsive behaviours and anxieties strengthening each other by gradually facing your fears and learning to prevent the usual compulsive behaviours.


Medication can also be effective in improving OCD symptoms. It can be used in combination with CBT to reduce obsessions and compulsions.

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